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TAXES - 2017 vs. 2018 Federal Income Tax Brackets
Single Taxpayers
2018 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $12,000 2017 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $6,350
10% 0 to $9,525 10% 0 to $9,325
12% $9,525 to $38,700 15% $9,325 to $37,950
22% $38,700 to $82,500 25% $37,950 to $91,900
24% $82,500 to $157,500 28% $91,900 to $191,650
32% $157,500 to $200,000 33% $191,650 to $416,700
35% $200,000 to $500,000 35% $416,700 to $418,400
37% Over $500,000 39.60% Over $418,400

 

Married Filing Jointly & Surviving Spouses
2018 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $24,000 2017 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $12,700
10% 0 to $19,050 10% 0 to $18,650
12% $19,050 to $77,400 15% $18,650 to $75,900
22% $77,400 to $165,000 25% $75,900 to $153,100
24% $165,000 to $315,000 28% $153,100 to $233,350
32% $315,000 to $400,000 33% $233,350 to $416,700
35% $400,000 to $600,000 35% $416,700 to $470,700
37% Over $600,000 39.60% Over $470,700

 

Married Filing Separately
2018 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $12,000 2017 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $6,350
10% 0 to $9,525 10% 0 to $9,325
12% $9,525 to $38,700 15% $9,325 to $37,950
22% $38,700 to $82,500 25% $37,950 to $76,550
24% $82,500 to $157,500 28% $76,550 to $116,675
32% $157,500 to $200,000 33% $116,675 to $208,350
35% $200,000 to $500,000 35% $208,350 to $235,350
37% Over $500,000 39.60% Over $235,350

 

Head of Household
2018 Tax Rates - Standard Deduction $18,000 2017 Tax Rates  - Standard Deduction $9,350
10% 0 to $13,600 10% 0 to $13,350
12% $13,600 to $51,800 15% $13,350 to $50,800
22% $51,800 to $82,500 25% $50,800 to $131,200
24% $82,500 to $157,500 28% $131,200 to $212,500
32% $157,500 to $200,000 33% $212,500 to $416,700
35% $200,000 to $500,000 35% $416,700 to $444,500
37% Over $500,000 39.60% Over $444,500

 

Estates & Trusts
2018 Tax Rates 2017 Tax Rates
10% 0 to $2,550 15% 0 to $2,550
24% $2,550 to $9,150 25% $2,550 to $6,000
35% $9,150 to $12,500 28% $6,000 to $9,150
37% Over $12,500 33% $9,150 to $12,500
N/A N/A 39.60% Over $12,500

 

FICA (Social Security & Medicare)
FICA Tax 2018 2017
Social Security Tax Rate: Employers 6.2% 6.2%
Social Security Tax Rate: Employees 6.2% 6.2%
Social Security Tax Rate: Self-Employed 15.3% 15.3%
Maximum Taxable Earnings $128,400 $127,200
Medicare Base Salary Unlimited Unlimited
Medicare Tax Rate 1.5% 1.5%
Additional Medicare Tax for income above $200,000 (single filers) or $250,000 (joint filers) 0.9% 0.9%
Medicare tax on net investment income ($200,000 single filers, $250,000 joint filers) 3.8% 3.8%

 

Education Credits & Deductions
Credit / Deduction 2018 2017
American Opportunity Credit (Hope) 2500 2500
Lifetime Learning Credit 2000 2000
Student Loan Interest Deduction 2500 2500
Coverdell Education Savings Contribution 2000 2000

 

Miscellaneous Provisions
2018 2017
N/A - No longer exists N/A Personal Exemption $4,050
Business expensing limit: Cap on equipment purchases $2,500,000 Business expensing limit: Cap on equipment purchases $2,030,000
Business expensing limit: New and Used Equipment and Software $1,000,000 Business expensing limit: New and Used Equipment and Software $510,000
Prior-year safe harbor for estimated taxes of higher-income 110% of your 2018 tax liability Prior-year safe harbor for estimated taxes of higher-income 110% of your 2017 tax liability
Standard mileage rate for business driving 54.5 cents Standard mileage rate for business driving 53.5 cents
Standard mileage rate for medical/moving driving 18 cents Standard mileage rate for medical/moving driving 17 cents
Standard mileage rate for charitable driving 14 cents Standard mileage rate for charitable driving 14 cents
Child Tax Credit $2,000 Child Tax Credit $1,000
Unearned income maximum for children under 19 before kiddie tax applies $1,050 Unearned income maximum for children under 19 before kiddie tax applies $1,050
Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers with income up to $51,700 for single filers, $77,200 for married filing jointly 0% Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers in the 10% or 15% bracket 0%
Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers with income above $51,700 for single filers, $77,200 for married filing jointly 15% Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers above the 15% bracket but below the 39.6% bracket 15%
Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers with income above $425,800 for single filers, $479,000 for married filing jointly 20% Maximum capital gains tax rate for taxpayers in the 39.6% bracket 20%
Capital gains tax rate for unrecaptured Sec. 1250 gains 25% Capital gains tax rate for unrecaptured Sec. 1250 gains 25%
Capital gains tax rate on collectibles 28% Capital gains tax rate on collectibles 28%
Maximum contribution for Traditional/Roth IRA $5,500 if under age 50 $6,500 if 50 or older Maximum contribution for Traditional/Roth IRA $5,500 if under age 50 $6,500 if 50 or older
Maximum employee contribution to SIMPLE IRA $12,500 if under age 50 $15,500 if 50 or older Maximum employee contribution to SIMPLE IRA $12,500 if under age 50 $15,500 if 50 or older
Maximum Contribution to SEP IRA 25% of eligible compensation up to $55,000 Maximum Contribution to SEP IRA 25% of eligible compensation up to $54,000
401(k) maximum employee contribution limit $18,500 if under age 50 $24,500 if 50 or older 401(k) maximum employee contribution limit $18,000 if under age 50 $24,000 if 50 or older
Estate tax exemption $11,200,000 Estate tax exemption $5,490,000
Annual Exclusion for Gifts $15,000 Annual Exclusion for Gifts $14,000

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